Equipment and workshop

Workshop and demonstrator sites

Sites degraded and contaminated by human activities

The ER4 approach aims to provide scientific and technical answers to questions related to the management of degraded sites contaminated by human activities. It therefore naturally relied on sites representative of regional issues both to have materials to study and to carry out experiments at different scales. This is the case with 2 sites :

  • a mega-site (over 120 km2), located in the heart of the former mining basin, has been heavily contaminated by ETM in connection with the past activities of two lead and zinc smelters (Metaleurop Nord and Nyrstar). The site incorporates a mosaic of private or public spaces with multiple uses (agricultural, wooded, forestry, residential, commercial, industrial, brownfields, traffic lanes, etc.). Since 1993, it has supported a great deal of laboratory research (more information) ;site atelier Métaleurop
  • the Union's ZAC extends over the cities of Roubaix, Wattrelos and Tourcoing. Covering an area of 85 ha, this industrial wasteland with multicontaminated soils aims to be a center of excellence in terms of urban renewal (more information).site atelier ZAC de l'Union

The integration of these two workshop sites into the national SAFIR (Sites Ateliers Français pour l’Innovation et la Recherche sur la gestion des sols) network, set up with the support of ADEME, has strengthened the laboratory's positioning on the management of degraded areas while promoting the development of partnerships (eg University of Paris Diderot, Catholic University of Louvain la Neuve).

Large-scale demonstrator of the smart city

logo SunRiseDans le cadre du projet SunRise Smart City lancé en 2011, le consortium mis en place a identifié le besoin de construire un démonstrateur à grande échelle des réseaux urbains intelligents et plus tard de la ville intelligente. Le campus de la Cité Scientifique (Université de Lille) à Villeneuve d’Ascq a été choisi comme site pour le démonstrateur pour la facilité d’accès aux infrastructures et aux données et pour sa représentativité d’une petite ville. En effet, le campus s’étend sur 110 hectares avec près de 150 bâtiments, 100 kms de réseaux urbains et 25 000 usagers, dont près de 5000 résidents sur le campus.

Equipment

To carry out their research, the various teams have at their disposal numerous facilities :

  • Experimental indentation device. The team will also be able to draw on the skills and tools pooled within the thematic Mechanics of Multi-Scale Surface Morphometry (M3S) of the Mechanics Federation of Lille.
  • Computing resources: a cluster of 26 nodes installed at Polytech’Lille. The team also benefits from the computing resources made available by the University of Lille (IT Resource Center, CRI). The CRI provides high performance computing infrastructures (HPC) as well as expertise in the field of scientific computing.
  • Geotechnical tests (triaxial, oedimeters,….).
The team2 has set up an experimental and digital platform for characterizing materials made up of the following equipment :
  • Mechanical
    • 2 3D printing machines (MATRIX project - size of parts 1 m3, earth and mortar)
    • Presses therefore press 100 tonnes with cyclic load (fatigue)
    • Large capacity triaxial cell (sample size of a CBR mold)
    • Civil and geotechnical engineering tests (triaxial, oedometer tests, Shear, rheometer, shock table, etc.)
    • Ovens, ovens and climatic chambers
    • preparation processes
  • Chemistry, Mineralogy and microbiology
    • FluoX
    • ICP
    • Ion chromatography
    • DRX
    • ATD-MS
    • GCMS
  • Microstructure
    • Porosimeter Hg, BET, Laser granulometer
    • Optical microscopy (including digital)
    • FEG-MEB with EDS
    • SEM traction bench
    • Indentation bench under ME
  • Numerical and modeling
    • Computation cluster of 250 CPUs allowing
    • Computing stations (GPU and CPU)
    • A computing server: ≈1000 cores for 70 XEON CPU nodes and two GPU nodes and a Windows server, XEON E5-2650v4 (24 cores - 128 GB RAM)
    • Internally developed software (discrete element methods), software used in conjunction with their developers (HYTEC, VCCTL, etc.) or business software (CESAR LCPC, ALIZE, etc.)
    • High speed camera
Materials characterization devices
  • ICAR rheometer
  • Transportable BML rheometer
  • Rheocad rheometer
  • Viscometer
  • Plan / plan tribometers
  • Isothermal calorimeter
  • Adiabatic calorimeter
  • Permeability meter
  • Bauer device
  • Wet cabinet
  • 200 kN press
Surface characterization devices
  • Goniometer
  • Roughness meters
  • Blood pressure monitor
  • Spectrocolorimeter
Apparatus for shaping materials
  • Extruder
  • Vibrocompactor
Materials manufacturing
  • Crusher
  • Mixers
  • Concrete plant (200 liters)
  • 250 ml high-pressure high-temperature autoclave (reactor) equipped for in situ measurement of pH, pressure and temperature, with the possibility of sampling gas and liquid
  • Equipment used to study fluid-material interactions with control and/or measurement of physico-chemical parameters
  • Atomic absorption spectrometer equipped with two separate atomizers (flame and electrothermal oven), a sample changer, a dilution station and a hydride generator
  • Analytical tool for routine metering of metallic elements in various liquid matrices
  • Liquid chromatography composed of several modules including a pump, a degasser, a thermostatically controlled sample changer, a thermostatically controlled column oven and a diode array detector and a fluorimetric detector.
  • Device mainly used for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and certain compounds such as ergosterol

Spectromètre d'absorption atomique Atomic absorption spectrometer

Wall thermal characterization tool at scale 1
  • Climatic cells
  • Large dimension flow characterization bench
  • Flow meter bench for characterization of MCP
Visualization of flows
  • PIV material
Thermographic measurement equipment
  • CEDIP Silver cooled infrared camera and solicitation system
  • FLIR B360 Infrared Matrix Microbolometers Infrared Camera
  • FSI 2000 Infra-Red Cameras
Air quality analysis equipment
  • Air quality measuring device by acoustic spectroscopy
Instrumentation and measurement equipment in situ
  • Acquisition centers
  • Central station for thermal comfort atmospheres
  • 2 Blower doors
Acoustic measurements
  • Characterization chain by acoustic impedance measurement